Scientific Miracles in Brief

Scientific Miracles in Brief

Why Islam is the true religion of God.

Most religions are based on books claimed by their followers to be divinely inspired, without any proof. Islam is based upon reason and proof. There are clear signs that the book of Islam, the Quran, is the word of God and we have many reasons to support this claim.

There are prophecies made in the Quran and by the Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him, which have come to be pass.

The Quran was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad in the 7th century. Science at the time was primitive, there were no telescopes, microscopes or anything even close to the technology we have today. Within this backdrop the Quran was revealed, and it contains scientific knowledge – ranges from basic arithmetics to the most advanced topics in astrophysics – that could not have been known 1400 years ago and have only been discovered recently by contemporary science.

 

Inimitability of the Quran

Allah says in the Noble Quran (translated as): Say: “If the mankind and the jinns were together to produce the like of this Qur’an, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another.” [Qur’an 17:88]

Some people may claim that the Quran was changed as new scientific facts were discovered. Allah SWT (God) in the Quran challenges Mankind to bring a recital like it and that the authenticity of its claims is supported by this challenge having gone unmet over over 1400 years. It is a historically documented fact that the Quran is preserved in its original language[1].

The Quran was written down and memorised by people during the lifetime of the Prophet Muhammad. One of the copies of the Quran which was written a few years after the death of the Prophet Muhammad is preserved in a museum in Uzbekistan. This copy is over 1400 years old and is exactly the same as the Arabic Quran that we have today[2].

 

Scientific Facts in the Quran

 As we know, science sometimes takes a ‘U-turn’ where what once scientifically correct is false a few years later. The Quran is not a book of science but a book of ‘signs’ that is consistent with science. These signs are there for people to recognise God’s existence and affirm His revelation.

The following are nine scientific facts found in the Quran:

  1. Origin of Life

The Quran makes a very unusual claim: We made every living thing from water? Will they not believe? (Quran 21:30)

In this verse water is pointed out as the origin of all life. All living things are made of cells. We now know that cells are mostly made up of water[3]. For example, 80% of the cytoplasm (basic cell material) of a standard animal cell is described as water in biology textbooks. The fact that living things consist mostly of water was discovered only after the invention of the microscope. In the deserts of Arabia, the last thing someone would have guessed is that all life came from water. 

  1. Iron

Allah says in the Noble Quran (translated as): “We sent down Iron with its great inherent strength and its many benefits for humankind.” (Quran 57:25)

Iron is not natural to the earth. Scientists have found that billions of years ago the earth was stuck by meteorites. These meteorites were carrying Iron from distant stars which had exploded[4].

God uses the words ‘sent down’ for Iron. It is clear from the verse that Iron is not an earthly material, but was sent down for the benefit of humanity. The fact that Iron came down to earth from outer space is something which could not be known by the primitive science of the 7th century.

  1. Sky’s Protection

Allah says in the Noble Quran (translated as): “We made the sky a protective ceiling. And yet they are turning away from Our signs!” (Quran 21:32)

The protective properties of the sky were discovered by scientific research conducted in the 20th century. The sky plays a crucial role in protecting the earth. The sky protects the earth from the lethal rays of the sun. If the sky did not exist then the sun’s radiation would have killed off all life on earth. It also acts like a blanket wrapped around the earth, to protect it from the freezing cold of space. The temperature just above the sky is approximately -270oC. If this temperature was to reach earth then the planet would freeze over instantly.

The sky also protects life on earth by warming the surface through heat retention (greenhouse effect), and reducing temperature extremes between day and night [5]. These are some of the many protective functions of the sky.

  1. Mountains

Allah says in the Noble Quran (translated as): “Did We not make the earth a resting place? And the mountains as stakes?” (Quran 78:6-7)

The Quran indicates that mountains have deep roots by using the word stakes to describe them. A book titled ‘Earth’ by Geophysicist Frank Press explains that mountains are like stakes, and are buried deep under the surface of the earth. Mount Everest, the height of which is approximately 9 km above ground, has a root deeper than 125 km. The fact that mountains have deep ‘stake’ like roots was not known, until after the development of the theory of plate tectonics in the beginning of the 20th century.[6]

  1. Expansion of the Universe

The expansion of the universe was described in Quran even before the invention of the telescope!: “And it is We who have built the Universe with [Our creative] power and keep expanding it.” (Quran 51:47)

The fact that the universe is expanding was discovered in the last century. The physicist Stephen Hawking in his book ‘A Brief History of Time’ writes, “The discovery that the universe is expanding was one of the great intellectual revolutions of the 20th century.”.

  1. Sun’s Orbit

The Quran mentions the orbit of the Sun: “It is He who created night and day, the Sun and the Moon, each floating in its orbit.” (Quran 21:33)

In 1512 the astronomer Nicholas Copernicus put forward his theory that the Sun is motionless at the centre of the solar system, and that the planets revolve around it. The belief that the Sun is stationary was widespread amongst astronomers until the 20th century. It is now a well-established scientific fact that the Sun is not stationary, but is moving in an orbit around the centre of our Milky Way galaxy[7]. The Quran would have been wrong according to astronomers just a couple of decades ago. But we now know that the Quranic account of the Sun’s motion is consistent with modern Astronomy.

  1. The Ocean

Allah says in the Noble Quran (translated as): “Darkness out in a deep ocean which is covered by waves, above which are waves, above which are clouds, layers of darkness, one upon the other. When one puts out his hand [therein], he can hardly see it. Those God gives no light to, they have no light.” (Quran 24:40)

It is commonly thought that waves only occur on the surface of the ocean. 1400 years ago there were no submarines or specialist equipment to discover internal waves or the darkness deep inside the oceans. Oceanographers have discovered that there are internal waves that take place below the surface of the ocean. These waves are invisible to the human eye, and can only be detected by specialist equipment[8]. The Quran mentions darkness in a deep ocean above which are waves, then clouds above that. This description is not only remarkable because it describes the internal waves in the ocean, but also because it describes darkness deep in the ocean. A human being can dive no more than 70 metres without breathing equipment. Light is present at that depth, but if we go down 1000 metres it is completely dark[9].

  1. Lying and Movement

There was a cruel oppressive tribal leader named Abu Jahl who lived during the time of Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him. God revealed a verse of the Quran to warn him: “No Indeed! If he does not stop, We will seize him by the forehead, his lying, sinful forehead.” (Quran 96:15-16)

God does not call this person a liar, but calls his forehead (the front part of the brain) ‘lying’ and ‘sinful’, and warns him to stop. This verse is significant for two reasons.

The first is that the front part of our brain is responsible for voluntary movement[10]. This is known as the frontal lobe. A book titled ‘Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology’ which includes the results of research on the functions of this area states: The motivation and the foresight to plan and initiate movements occur in the anterior portion of the frontal lobes, the prefrontal area[11]. The part of the brain that is responsible for movement is said to be seized if the man does not stop.

Secondly, numerous studies have shown that this same region (frontal lobe) is responsible for the lying function of the brain[12]. One such study at the University of Pennsylvania in which volunteers were asked questions during a computerised interrogation, it was found that when the volunteers were lying there was significantly increased activity in the prefrontal and premotor cortices (frontal lobe region)[13].

These functions of the frontal lobe – that  is responsible for movement and lying – were discovered with medical imaging equipment which was developed in the 20th century.

  1. Pain Receptors

Allah says in the Noble Quran (translated as): “We shall send those who reject Our revelations to the (Hell) Fire. When their skins have been burned away, We shall replace them with new ones so that they may continue to feel the pain: God is Almighty, All-Wise.” (Quran 4:56)

For a long time it was thought that the sense of feeling and pain was dependent on the brain. However it has been discovered that there are pain receptors present in the skin [14]. The discovery of pain receptors in the skin is a fairly recent discovery for Biology. Without these pain receptors, a person would not be able to feel pain. God tells the people who reject his message that when they are in Hell and their skins are burnt off (so they can’t feel any pain), he will give them new skins so that they continue to feel the pain.

 

Conclusion 

Allah says in the Noble Quran (translated as): “We shall show them Our signs in the Universe and within themselves, until it becomes clear to them that this is the Truth. Is it not enough that your Lord is the witness of all things?” (Quran 41:53)

To claim that scientific facts in the Quran are due to coincidence would be irrational. The best explanation is that God revealed this knowledge to the Prophet Muhammad.

Just like the Quran contains knowledge about the natural world, it also contains information about the inner dimensions of our souls. It relates to our feelings, wants and needs. The Quran informs us that we have a purpose in life, and that following God’s guidance will lead us to inner peace in this life, and Paradise in the hereafter. And that rejection of his message will lead to depression in this life and Hellfire after death.

[1] The Magnificent Qur’an: A Unique History of Preservation

[2] (http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4581684.stm)

[3] Bruce Alberts, Essential Cell Biology

[4] M. E. Walrath, History of the Earth’s Formation

[5] Joseph M. Moran, Meteorology: the Atmosphere and the Science of Weather [7] Terry A. Hicks, How Do Mountains Form? [8] Frank Press and Raymond Siever, Earth

[6] Naomi Oreskes, Plate Tectonics: An Insider’s History Of The Modern Theory Of The Earth [10] Stephen Hawking, A Brief History Of Time

[7] Lambert M. Surhone, Orbital Period: Orbit, Sun, Earth, Conjunction, Orbital Node, Apsis, Semi-Major Axis

[8] M. Grant Gross, Oceanography: A View of Earth

[9] Danny Elder, Oceans

[10] (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2289137)

[11] Rod R. Seeley, Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology

[12] (http://cercor.oxfordjournals.org/content/20/1/205.full.pdf)

[13] (http://www.americanscientist.org/issues/pub/2002/3/diogenes-new-lamp)

[14] Michael Darmon, Molecular Biology of the Skin: The Keratinocyte

The web address of this article: http://www.islamreligion.com/articles/5195

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